Our research is conducted in the broad field of human physiology with the main focus on the brain and mind. Brain and mind research being a multidisciplinary and integral area is central in many biological and medical studies.
Our main areas of focus and expertise are:
Ongoing main projects:
Earlier completed main projects:
Main collaborative research partners:
The co-heads of research team are:
Dr Andrew A. Fingelkurts
Dr Alexander A. Fingelkurts
Drs. Andrew A. and Alexander A. Fingelkurts have careers in academic neuroscience, psychophysiology and clinical research, with a considerable number of publications in scientific journals, book chapters and a lecturing practice in areas of neuroscience and applied psychophysiology.
Their areas of expertise include neuroinformatics, quantitative EEG diagnostics, advanced methods of EEG/MEG analysis and systemic psychophysiology. They have been consultants to the Medico-diagnostic Center of Armed Forces General Staff of Russian Federation through the Moscow State University, and the consultants to the neurological division of the Medical Centre of Russian Federation President's Management Department, served as researchers of the State Scientific Centre of Russian Federation - Institute for Biomedical Problems, and as senior researchers at the Research Centre for Computational Science and Engineering in Laboratory of Computational Engineering Cognitive Science and Technology at Helsinki University of Technology and at the BioMag Laboratory, Medical Engineering Centre, of Helsinki University Central Hospital. Drs. Fingelkurts are members of Neuroinformatics Organization (NIO, since 2002), Organization of Human Brain Mapping (OHBM, since 1999), New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS, since 1997), and International Brain Research Organization (IBRO, since 1994).
Drs. Fingelkurts entered the field of identification of reproducible and stable spatial-temporal relations between segments of activity in electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional brain states in 1998, with doctoral dissertations concerned with EEG segmentation. Subsequently, in a sizeable number of independent studies Drs. Fingelkurts generated a large number of observations under a variety of conditions that identified meaningful manifestations in the EEG, having the form of rapid transitional processes interspersed between piecewise stationary records. On the basis of this work, they formulated a framework of "Operational Architectonics (OA) of Brain-Mind Functioning" which is based on the joint analysis of cognitive and electromagnetic data (EEG and MEG). According to OA every conscious phenomenon is brought to existence by the joint operations of many functional and transient neuronal assemblies in the brain. Further, the functioning of the brain is always operational (made up of operations), and its structure is characterized by a hierarchy of operations of increasing complexity: from single neurons to synchronized neuronal assemblies. In a number of publications Drs. Fingelkurts clearly identified interesting relations between mental states and the EEG patterns uncovered by the method of Operational Synchrony which delineates cooperative neural interactions at a functionally relevant level of neuronal organization.
The work of brothers Fingelkurts represents a bold attempt to apply insight from both neuroscience and physics to the phenomenon of consciousness. They delve into the physics of consciousness by considering the nature of space and time within the conscious mind. This leads them to the notion of an operational space-time generated by synchronized neural activity (as evidenced by EEG, – one of the best-documented correlates of consciousness) which, they proposed, is isomorphic to the phenomenological space-time of subjective perceptions. Drs. Fingelkurts then consider a mind-brain hierarchy consisting of nested increasingly coordinated mental operations taking place within their operational space-time from relatively isolated unconscious events become increasingly integrated and involving more and more of the brain’s activity until, at its highest level, it equates with unified conscious perceptual experience.