8 January 2019

Human beings are in the midst of very powerful shifts in our understanding of what it means to be a human. In this paper authors conclude that there is a non-trivial chance that sometime in the future humanity will transform itself. Such a transformation has great potential for both good and bad. Posthumanism seeks to improve human nature, increase the 

human life- and health-span, extend its cognitive and physical capacities, and broaden its mastery over the environment. As such, the notion of posthumanism implies a radical breaking off from, and reconceptualisation of, the state of being human. As neuroscientists, the authors aim to bring a neuroscientific perspective to this debate. Current scientific and technologic developments (related to brain and its augmentation) clearly demonstrate that what was formerly considered to be science fiction is slowly but firmly becoming a scientific reality.